Military: Development of. Providing a secure website from which to run, military bases can be temporary wartime installations or long-term facilities. Their requirement is driven by strategic planning, but their place is often determined by other concerns, particularly in peacetime.
Bases served as storage depots, barracks, training fields, and military headquarters. Later bases could be produced in numerous the seacoast fortifications for example Fort Jay (1794) on Governors Island in New York Harbor and Fortress Monroe (1823) at Point Comfort on Hampton Roads, Virginia, where the Coastal Artillery School was situated.
U.S. growth in the first half of the nineteenth century saw the establishment of a chain of army outposts across the country, including Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis, Missouri (1826), where the Infantry School was established, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas (1827), which later became the site for both the military prison and the Command and General Staff College; and Carlisle Barracks, in Carlisle, Pennsylvania (1842), site of the Army War College in the twentieth century.
When the U.S. Navy was established in 1794, permanent navy yards were soon created in Boston, Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Washington, and Norfolk, for the building, repair, and berthing of boats and their preparation for sea duty. Aware of the political and economical gains of these bases, Congress made sure the navy yards were dispersed among New England, the Mid-Atlantic, along with the South.
When not serving afloat, members of the U.S. Marine Corps, created in 1798, guarded navy yards, drilled, and maintained discipline. In 1800, the Marine Corps commandant was relocated from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C. Therefore, Marine barracks were established there and at the other navy yards.
Acquisition of the Mexican territories, and also Florida, Texas, Oregon resulted in the building of new military places, naval bases, and Marine barracks on the Gulf and West Coasts. Among these new bases were navy yards created at Pensacola, Florida, in 1825, and Mare Island, San Francisco Bay, in 1853 (the Marine barracks founded on Mare Island in 1862 is the earliest long-term Marine Corps facility on the West Coast).
Infantry and mounted troops were quartered in adobe and wooden forts dotting Southwest and the West. After the Indians were captured, but, the economic advantage to rural congressional districts of lots of small posts prevented the military from abandoning them until just before World War I.
America's departing jab and acquisition of an island empire following the Spanish-American War resulted in the establishment of the first permanent U.S. military bases overseas. Congress was reluctant to spend outside its constituencies, as well as the military and navy frequently differed over the very best place (for instance, in the Philippines), so the major expansion of naval bases occurred inside the continental United States. Nevertheless, naval installations were created in Cuba, Guam, the Philippines, Hawaii (Pearl Harbor, Oahu, was designated the navy's major forward base in the Pacific in 1911), and, after 1914, in the U.S. Panama Canal Zone. By 1916, the navy had ten leading continental bases (with particularly important facilities at Newport, Rhode Island, and Norfolk, Virginia), including two new navy yards, created mostly through https://militarybases.co site congressional sway, at Charleston, South Carolina, and Bremerton, Washington. The principal portion of the fleet was transferred in the Atlantic to the Pacific; therefore, the navy bases at Pearl Harbor, Los Angeles, and San Diego grew in importance.
World War I and the creation of enormous wartime armies resulted in the proliferation of military training camps. Climate and congressional influence meant that a majority of training cantonments were erected in the South, although the majority of Americans lived in the North of the nation. On the list of most crucial training facilities of 1917–18 were Fort Benning, Georgia (1918), which later became the state's biggest infantry training center and residence of the army's Infantry School; Fort Bragg, North Carolina (1918), later the army's principal airborne training centre and site of the Special Warfare School; Fort Dix, New Jersey (1917), later, in the Second World War, to become the biggest army training centre in click here to visit https://militarybases.co the United States; Fort George G. Meade, Maryland (1917); and Fort Knox, Kentucky (1917), which later also served as the U.S. gold depository.
A number of these bases were reactivated and modernized in World War II or stayed in operation, but new training centers were also created for that. One of the new facilities, the biggest were the military's Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri (1940), and Fort Hood, Texas (1942); and the Marines' training centre at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina (1942), later the largest Marine base in the eastern United States.
The Army Air Service had created Langley Field, Virginia, in 1916; as headquarters of the Air Combat Command, it remains the oldest continuously active air force base in the United States, today. Other early air bases (initially called disciplines) for the Army Air Corps, 1926–41, comprised Wright-Patterson Field, Ohio (1917); Bolling Field, Washington, D.C. (1918); and Maxwell Field, Alabama (1918). Maxwell housed a major flight training centre in the Second World War, the Air Corps Tactical School and the Air University following the war. In the 1930s, Wheeler and Hickam Fields, Hawaii, and Clark Field, in the Philippines, were created.
The Army Air Forces, 1941–47, created quite a few air bases in America, including Andrews Army Air Base, Maryland (1942); Dover Army Air Base, Delaware (1941); and Muroc Army Base, California (1942), a combat training and experimental evaluation site renamed Edwards Air Force Base in 1949.